There are many types of policy and program evaluations. There are variations in terminology, but the major types of evaluation typically involve the following: a) determining the need and requirement for a program; b) assessing whether a program is working the way it is supposed to work; and c) the impact of the program on the larger environment, both short and long term. For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources and select a case involving physical infrastructure or economic development.

By Day 3

Post by Day 3 a brief description of the project and explain the type of evaluation employed in the case. Explain whether this was a needs assessment, formative, process, or summative (impact) evaluation and why. Describe the type of data used and whether comparisons were employed.


Langbein, L. (2012). Public program evaluation: A statistical guide (2nd ed.). Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe.
Chapter 1, “What This Book Is About” (pp. 3–20)

McDavid, J. C., Huse, I., & Hawthorn, L. R. L. (2019). Program evaluation and performance measurement: An introduction to practice (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Chapter 1, “Key Concepts and Issues in Program Evaluation and Performance Measurement” (pp. 2-43)
Chapter 6, “Needs Assessments for Program Development and Adjustment” (pp. 248-293)

Wall, J. E. (n.d.). Program evaluation model 9-step process. Retrieved Septemper 27, 2018, from

Justice Center: The Council of State Governments. (2013). Mentoring gang-involved youth: How Roca, Inc. combines mentoring and services in a high-risk intervention model. Retrieved from

Justice Center: The Council of State Governments. (2018). Second Chance Act (fact sheet). Retrieved from

Discussion: Types of Program Evaluation
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